iwla

iwla

iwla

Introduction

iwla (Intelligent Web Log Analyzer) is basically a clone of awstats. The main problem with awstats is that it's a very monolithic project with everything in one big PERL file. In opposite, iwla has been though to be very modular : a small core analysis and a lot of filters. It can be viewed as UNIX pipes. Philosophy of iwla is : add, update, delete ! That's the job of each filter : modify statistics until final result. It's written in Python.

Nevertheless, iwla is only focused on HTTP logs. It uses data (robots definitions, search engines definitions) and design from awstats. Moreover, it's not dynamic, but only generates static HTML page (with gzip compression option).

Usage

./iwla [-c|--clean-output] [-i|--stdin] [-f FILE|--file FILE] [-d LOGLEVEL|--log-level LOGLEVEL] [-r|--reset year/month] [-z|--dont-compress] [-p]

-c : Clean output (database and HTML) before starting
-i : Read data from stdin instead of conf.analyzed_filename
-f : Analyse this log file, multiple files can be specified    (comma separated). gz files are acceptedRead data from FILE instead of conf.analyzed_filename
-d : Loglevel in ['DEBUG', 'INFO', 'WARNING', 'ERROR', 'CRITICAL']
-r : Reset analysis to a specific date (month/year)
-z : Don't compress databases (bigger but faster, not  compatible with compressed databases)
-p : Only generate display

Basic usage

In addition to command line, iwla read parameters in default_conf.py. User can override default values using conf.py file. Each module requires its own parameters.

Main values to edit are :

  • analyzed_filename : web server log
  • domaine_name : domain name to filter
  • pre_analysis_hooks : List of pre analysis hooks
  • post_analysis_hooks : List of post analysis hooks
  • display_hooks : List of display hooks
  • locale : Displayed locale (en or fr)

You can also append an element to an existing default configuration list by using "_append" suffix. Example : multimedia_files_append = ['xml'] or multimedia_files_append = 'xml' Will append 'xml' to current multimedia_files list

Then, you can launch iwla. Output HTML files are created in output directory by default. To quickly see it, go into output and type

python -m SimpleHTTPServer 8000

Open your favorite web browser at http://localhost:8000. Enjoy !

Warning : The order in hooks list is important : Some plugins may requires others plugins, and the order of display_hooks is the order of displayed blocks in final result.

Interesting default configuration values

  • DB_ROOT : Default database directory (default ./output_db)
  • DISPLAY_ROOT : Default HTML output directory (default ./output)
  • log_format : Web server log format (nginx style). Default is apache log format
  • time_format : Time format used in log format
  • pages_extensions : Extensions that are considered as a HTML page (or result) in opposit to hits
  • viewed_http_codes : HTTP codes that are cosidered OK (200, 304)
  • count_hit_only_visitors : If False, don't count visitors that doesn't GET a page but resources only (images, rss...)
  • multimedia_files : Multimedia extensions (not accounted as downloaded files)
  • css_path : CSS path (you can add yours)
  • compress_output_files : Files extensions to compress in gzip during display build

Plugins

As previously described, plugins acts like UNIX pipes : statistics are constantly updated by each plugin to produce final result. We have three type of plugins :

  • Pre analysis plugins : Called before generating days statistics. They are in charge to filter robots, crawlers, bad pages...
  • Post analysis plugins : Called after basic statistics computation. They are in charge to enlight them with their own algorithms
  • Display plugins : They are in charge to produce HTML files from statistics.

To use plugins, just insert their file name (without .py extension) in pre_analysis_hooks, post_analysis_hooks and display_hooks lists in conf.py.

Statistics are stored in dictionaries :

  • month_stats : Statistics of current analysed month
  • valid_visitor : A subset of month_stats without robots
  • days_stats : Statistics of current analysed day
  • visits : All visitors with all of its requests
  • meta : Final result of month statistics (by year)

Create a Plugins

To create a new plugin, it's necessary to subclass IPlugin (iplugin.py) in the right directory (_plugins/xxx/yourPlugin.py).

Plugins can defines required configuration values (self.conf_requires) that must be set in conf.py (or can be optional). They can also defines required plugins (self.requires).

The two functions to overload are load(self) that must returns True or False if all is good (or not). It's called after init. The second is hook(self) that is the body of plugins.

For display plugins, a lot of code has been wrote in display.py that simplify the creation on HTML blocks, tables and bar graphs.

Plugins

Optional configuration values ends with *.

  • iwla.py
  • plugins/display/all_visits.py
  • plugins/display/browsers.py
  • plugins/display/feeds.py
  • plugins/display/hours_stats.py
  • plugins/display/ip_to_geo.py
  • plugins/display/istats_diff.py
  • plugins/display/operating_systems.py
  • plugins/display/referers_diff.py
  • plugins/display/referers.py
  • plugins/display/robot_bandwidth.py
  • plugins/display/top_downloads_diff.py
  • plugins/display/top_downloads.py
  • plugins/display/top_hits.py
  • plugins/display/top_pages.py
  • plugins/display/top_visitors.py
  • plugins/display/track_users.py
  • plugins/post_analysis/browsers.py
  • plugins/post_analysis/feeds.py
  • plugins/post_analysis/hours_stats.py
  • plugins/post_analysis/ip_to_geo.py
  • plugins/post_analysis/iptogeo.py
  • plugins/post_analysis/operating_systems.py
  • plugins/post_analysis/referers.py
  • plugins/post_analysis/reverse_dns.py
  • plugins/post_analysis/top_downloads.py
  • plugins/post_analysis/top_hits.py
  • plugins/post_analysis/top_pages.py
  • plugins/pre_analysis/page_to_hit.py
  • plugins/pre_analysis/robots.py

iwla

Main class IWLA
Parse Log, compute them, call plugins and produce output
For now, only HTTP log are valid

Plugin requirements :
    None

Conf values needed :
    analyzed_filename
    domain_name
    locales_path
    compress_output_files*

Output files :
    DB_ROOT/meta.db
    DB_ROOT/year/month/iwla.db
    OUTPUT_ROOT/index.html
    OUTPUT_ROOT/year/_stats.html
    OUTPUT_ROOT/year/month/index.html

Statistics creation :

meta :
    last_time
    start_analysis_time
    stats =>
        year =>
            month =>
                viewed_bandwidth
                not_viewed_bandwidth
                viewed_pages
                viewed_hits
                nb_visits
                nb_visitors

month_stats :
    viewed_bandwidth
    not_viewed_bandwidth
    viewed_pages
    viewed_hits
    nb_visits

days_stats :
    day =>
        viewed_bandwidth
        not_viewed_bandwidth
        viewed_pages
        viewed_hits
        nb_visits
        nb_visitors

visits :
   remote_addr =>
       remote_addr
       remote_ip
       viewed_pages
       viewed_hits
       not_viewed_pages
       not_viewed_hits
       bandwidth
       last_access
       requests =>
           [fields_from_format_log]
           extract_request =>
               http_method
               http_uri
               http_version
               extract_uri
               extract_parameters*
           extract_referer* =>
               extract_uri
               extract_parameters*
       robot
       hit_only
       is_page

valid_visitors:
    month_stats without robot and hit only visitors (if not conf.count_hit_only_visitors)

Statistics update :
    None

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.display.all_visits

Display hook

Create All visits page

Plugin requirements :
    None

Conf values needed :
    display_visitor_ip*

Output files :
    OUTPUT_ROOT/year/month/all_visits.html
    OUTPUT_ROOT/year/month/index.html

Statistics creation :
    None

Statistics update :
    None

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.display.browsers

Display hook

Create browsers page

Plugin requirements :
    post_analysis/browsers

Conf values needed :
    max_browsers_displayed*
    create_browsers_page*

Output files :
    OUTPUT_ROOT/year/month/browsers.html
    OUTPUT_ROOT/year/month/index.html

Statistics creation :
    None

Statistics update :
    None

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.display.feeds

Display hook

Display feeds parsers

Plugin requirements :
    post_analysis/feeds

Conf values needed :
    create_all_feeds_page*

Output files :
    OUTPUT_ROOT/year/month/index.html
    OUTPUT_ROOT/year/month/all_feeds.html

Statistics creation :
    None

Statistics update :
    None

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.display.hours_stats

Display hook

Display statistics by hour/week day

Plugin requirements :
    post_analysis/hours_stats

Conf values needed :
    None

Output files :
    OUTPUT_ROOT/year/month/index.html

Statistics creation :
    None

Statistics update :
    None

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.display.ip_to_geo

Display hook

Add geo statistics

Plugin requirements :
    post_analysis/ip_to_geo

Conf values needed :
    create_geo_page*

Output files :
    OUTPUT_ROOT/year/month/index.html

Statistics creation :
    None

Statistics update :
    None

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.display.istats_diff

Display hook interface

Enlight new and updated statistics

Plugin requirements :
    None

Conf values needed :
    None

Output files :
    None

Statistics creation :
    None

Statistics update :
    None

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.display.operating_systems

Display hook

Add operating systems statistics

Plugin requirements :
    post_analysis/operating_systems

Conf values needed :
    create_families_page*

Output files :
    OUTPUT_ROOT/year/month/index.html

Statistics creation :
    None

Statistics update :
    None

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.display.referers_diff

Display hook

Enlight new and updated key phrases in in all_key_phrases.html

Plugin requirements :
    display/referers

Conf values needed :
    None

Output files :
    None

Statistics creation :
    None

Statistics update :
    None

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.display.referers

Display hook

Create Referers page

Plugin requirements :
    post_analysis/referers

Conf values needed :
    max_referers_displayed*
    create_all_referers_page*
    max_key_phrases_displayed*
    create_all_key_phrases_page*

Output files :
    OUTPUT_ROOT/year/month/referers.html
    OUTPUT_ROOT/year/month/key_phrases.html
    OUTPUT_ROOT/year/month/index.html

Statistics creation :
    None

Statistics update :
    None

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.display.robot_bandwidth

Display hook

Display top 10 robot bandwidth use

Plugin requirements :
    None

Conf values needed :
    display_visitor_ip*
    create_all_robot_bandwidth_page*

Output files :
    OUTPUT_ROOT/year/month/top_robots_bandwidth.html
    OUTPUT_ROOT/year/month/index.html

Statistics creation :
    None

Statistics update :
    None

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.display.top_downloads_diff

Display hook

Enlight new and updated downloads in in top_downloads.html

Plugin requirements :
    display/top_downloads

Conf values needed :
    None

Output files :
    None

Statistics creation :
    None

Statistics update :
    None

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.display.top_downloads

Display hook

Create TOP downloads page

Plugin requirements :
    post_analysis/top_downloads

Conf values needed :
    max_downloads_displayed*
    create_all_downloads_page*

Output files :
    OUTPUT_ROOT/year/month/top_downloads.html
    OUTPUT_ROOT/year/month/index.html

Statistics creation :
    None

Statistics update :
    None

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.display.top_hits

Display hook

Create TOP hits page

Plugin requirements :
    post_analysis/top_hits

Conf values needed :
    max_hits_displayed*
    create_all_hits_page*

Output files :
    OUTPUT_ROOT/year/month/top_hits.html
    OUTPUT_ROOT/year/month/index.html

Statistics creation :
    None

Statistics update :
    None

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.display.top_pages

Display hook

Create TOP pages page

Plugin requirements :
    post_analysis/top_pages

Conf values needed :
    max_pages_displayed*
    create_all_pages_page*

Output files :
    OUTPUT_ROOT/year/month/top_pages.html
    OUTPUT_ROOT/year/month/index.html

Statistics creation :
    None

Statistics update :
    None

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.display.top_visitors

Display hook

Create TOP visitors block

Plugin requirements :
    None

Conf values needed :
    display_visitor_ip*

Output files :
    OUTPUT_ROOT/year/month/index.html

Statistics creation :
    None

Statistics update :
    None

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.display.track_users

Display hook

Track users

Plugin requirements :
    None

Conf values needed :
    tracked_ip
    create_tracked_page*

Output files :
    OUTPUT_ROOT/year/month/index.html
    OUTPUT_ROOT/year/month/tracked_users.html

Statistics creation :
    None

Statistics update :
    None

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.post_analysis.browsers

Post analysis hook

Detect browser information from requests

Plugin requirements :
    None

Conf values needed :
    None

Output files :
    None

Statistics creation :
visits :
   remote_addr =>
       browser

month_stats :
    browsers =>
        browser => count

Statistics update :
    None

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.post_analysis.feeds

Post analysis hook

Find feeds parsers (first hit in feeds conf value and no viewed pages if it's a robot)
If there is ony one hit per day to a feed, merge feeds parsers with the same user agent
as it must be the same person with a different IP address.

Plugin requirements :
    None

Conf values needed :
    feeds
    merge_one_hit_only_feeds_parsers*

Output files :
    None

Statistics creation :
   remote_addr =>
       feed_parser

Statistics update :
    None

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.post_analysis.hours_stats

Post analysis hook

Count pages, hits and bandwidth by hour/week day

Plugin requirements :
    None

Conf values needed :
    None

Output files :
    None

Statistics creation :
month_stats:
    hours_stats =>
        00 .. 23 =>
            pages
            hits
            bandwidth

    days_stats =>
        0 .. 6 =>
            pages
            hits
            bandwidth

Statistics update :
    None

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.post_analysis.ip_to_geo

Post analysis hook

Get country code from IP address

Plugin requirements :
    None

Conf values needed :
    iptogeo_remote_addr*
    iptogeo_remote_port*

Output files :
    None

Statistics creation :
    geo =>
        country_code => count
    None

Statistics update :
valid_visitors:
   country_code

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.post_analysis.iptogeo

plugins.post_analysis.operating_systems

Post analysis hook

Detect operating systems from requests

Plugin requirements :
    None

Conf values needed :
    None

Output files :
    None

Statistics creation :
visits :
   remote_addr =>
       operating_system

month_stats :
    operating_systems =>
        operating_system => count

    os_families =>
        family => count

Statistics update :
    None

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.post_analysis.referers

Post analysis hook

Extract referers and key phrases from requests

Plugin requirements :
    None

Conf values needed :
    domain_name

Output files :
    None

Statistics creation :
    None

Statistics update :
month_stats :
   referers =>
       pages => count
       hits  => count
   robots_referers =>
       pages => count
       hits  => count
   search_engine_referers =>
       pages => count
       hits  => count
   key_phrases =>
       phrase => count

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.post_analysis.reverse_dns

Post analysis hook

Replace IP by reverse DNS names

Plugin requirements :
    None

Conf values needed :
    reverse_dns_timeout*

Output files :
    None

Statistics creation :
    None

Statistics update :
valid_visitors:
   remote_addr
   dns_name_replaced
   dns_analyzed

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.post_analysis.top_downloads

Post analysis hook

Count TOP downloads

Plugin requirements :
    None

Conf values needed :
    None

Output files :
    None

Statistics creation :
    None

Statistics update :
month_stats:
   top_downloads =>
       uri => count

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.post_analysis.top_hits

Post analysis hook

Count TOP hits

Plugin requirements :
    None

Conf values needed :
    None

Output files :
    None

Statistics creation :
    None

Statistics update :
month_stats:
   top_hits =>
       uri => count

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.post_analysis.top_pages

Post analysis hook

Count TOP pages

Plugin requirements :
    None

Conf values needed :
    None

Output files :
    None

Statistics creation :
    None

Statistics update :
month_stats:
   top_pages =>
       uri => count

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.pre_analysis.page_to_hit

Pre analysis hook
Change page into hit and hit into page into statistics

Plugin requirements :
    None

Conf values needed :
    page_to_hit_conf*
    hit_to_page_conf*

Output files :
    None

Statistics creation :
    None

Statistics update :
visits :
   remote_addr =>
       is_page

Statistics deletion :
    None

plugins.pre_analysis.robots

Pre analysis hook

Filter robots

Plugin requirements :
    None

Conf values needed :
    page_to_hit_conf*
    hit_to_page_conf*

Output files :
    None

Statistics creation :
    None

Statistics update :
visits :
   remote_addr =>
       robot

Statistics deletion :
    None

Development Team
Admins
Grégory Soutadé

Powered by InDefero,
a Céondo Ltd initiative.